|Courtesy of National Library of Wales|
When I started to study the quarries of the Nantlle area, the recurring photographs of the tramway horses began to fascinate me. I remembered old Barney and wondered what the story of these horses was.
Boyd's book (see the references at the end) was a good starting point. For the record, the railway was a horse-drawn waggonway that carried slate from Pen-yr-Orsedd and all points in-between to sidings at Talysarn. Originally it had run all the way to Caernarfon, but was taken over in 1865 by what later became the London and North Western Railway and was converted to standard gauge from Caernarfon as far as Talysarn. Ironically, while much of the route of the 3'6" gauge waggonway through the quarries survives, the old LNWR trackbed is now the road that you would use if you came to Talysarn from the Porthmadog-Caernarfon road at Penygroes.
Information about the horses is scarce; few written records seem to have been kept. What I know so far has been kindly imparted to me by several locals, especially John Williams and the late Dr Gwynfor Pierce Jones. Luckily, one of the great photographers of the 1950's, Geoff Charles, took an interest in Dorothea and made many images of the horses and the folk who worked the Nantlle quarries in the 1950's. The header image is of "Corwen" and "Prince" and is shown courtesy of the wonderful National Library of Wales Collection.
Alwyn Humphreys was kind enough to comment on the blog as follows:
"I grew up in Talysarn, and was closely associated with the the white mare called 'Corwen' and her gelded son 'Prince'. I had a lot to do with them when Thomas Williams (Tommy Run) was in charge of the team.They belonged to 'Willie Jones Y Glo' (Willie Jones the Coal) and latterly his son Oswald. A part of my childhood revolved around these two magnificent animals"
That was something completely new to me: that Corwen was Prince's mother.
It seems that different horses were used for the 2' gauge quarry lines and for the tramway itself, which was laid to 3'6" gauge and utilised waggons with double-flanged wheels. Over the years, different contractors were used to supply the horses. One such was a Mr Pritchard, who lived in a house in the lost village of Talysarn Uchaf, underneath the vast Gallt-y-Fedw buttresses across from what was once Foundry Terrace, where the divers now park their cars. Here there was a stable block and a waterwheel driving a chaff cutter, to prepare food for the horses. John Williams remembers the constant thumping sound of the oil engine that replaced the waterwheel in the 1940's.
Here are a couple of my photos of the stables and Mr Pritchard's house- for more, see my set on Flickr here.
In later years, the redoubtable Mr Oswald Jones and his horses, "Prince" and "Corwen" worked the line. Oswald had inherited the business from his father, William Richard Jones, ('Willie Jones Y Glo') who had started contracting from Talysarn, in 1930. I had conflicting information about the stabling of the horses, so I was very pleased to hear from Alwyn Humphreys again:
" The pair were actually stabled behind the family house in Station Road....right at the top of the garden! There was an irony in having a Petrol pump for selling petrol at the front of the house...and a stable at the back! It was a testing moment the last 20 yds to the stable...as they knew food would be waiting for them in their stalls...and they would really race the last 20yds!
In the spring and summer they would be grazed overnight during the weekends at different places.. one being the field that once existed between the drive to the Nantlle Vale Pub, and the Baptist Chapel.Often in the summer, they would be grazed at Ty Mawr farm Nantlle...the premises and fields immediately to the left after going over the river bridge towards Nantlle. Where Wili Jones and latterly Oswald kept the cars...and the hearse, right at the back of the shed there was a machine that chopped hay into short lengths 'chaffing' I believe it was called ? This was fed to them ..perhaps mixing in Oats and other supplements. I adored them both..and was gutted when they were sold."
As Alwyn noted, the horses were worked by Thomas Williams ("Tommy Run").
What is very interesting is that Gwynfor Pierce Jones stated that the quarry horses (as opposed to Prince and Corwen, who worked the Nantlle Railway) were contracted from a Mr Pritchard, from Taldrwst farm ...that farm is still run by the Pritchards. Could they have been the same folk as those of Talysarn Uchaf? I'm still trying to find out. Another interesting nugget of information has been very kindly supplied by Hugh, who tells us that:
"My brother in-law Ian Roberts who was 15 in the sixties used to walk to Taldrws farm from Talysarn at 5 every morning to bring Sam the horse to Dorothea quarry to work and take him back at the end of shift."
This confirms Gwynfor's notes about the quarry horses, and now we know one of them was called Sam. Thanks, Hugh.
In the 'fifties, Prince and Corwen became minor celebrities. They even had an article written about them in the Liverpool Daily Post. They handled a few railtours, such as the one below, on the 5th May 1957, photograph by kind permission of the J W Sutherland Archive.
|This looks like the stretch of line just west of Bont Fawr, the enormous slate bridge that carried the quarry waste tramway over the road between the Talysarn pit and Cloddfa'r Coed slate quarry. Note the Nantlle Railway symbol on the waggons.|
One amusing story is that on one of the railtours in the fifties, a couple of young ladies accompanied the gaberdined gricers. During the trip, sugar cubes were given to Prince and Corwen and on the way back the horses got a little "high". In a fit of equine exuberance, they pulled the entire train away from the track and set off for grass, thankfully with no injury to human or horse, although I can imagine the shouting from Mr Jones! Not that the horses were unused to treats, there are many photographs of them with local children on their backs or standing contentedly being petted by folk.
Like most horses, they were also very intelligent. It is said that they could work a return empty train all the way back to Pen-yr-Orsedd unaccompanied, where they would stand and patiently wait for the waggons to be crewled up the incline. One of Prince's last assignments was to appear at the Ffestiniog Railway Vintage Gala in 1963. By then, Corwen had died and Prince followed soon after. The railway itself closed that year.
In the quarry, horse working had already ceased. Gwynfor Pierce Jones said:
"they stopped using the horse as the result of a Business Consultant's report (from London, who was horrified by the noise and dirt of quarry working!). He said it made the business look old fashioned and was a bad image. So they bought a grey Fergie instead."
I spotted this interesting image of Corwen at the Eastern pyramid of Dorothea. Hauling slab to the Dorothea mill, ears back, listening for instructions from the handler. The slab was probably from the Pen-y-Bryn working, which was re-opened in the late fifties for a while. It's by Max Sinclair and can be seen on the excellent "Narrow Gauge Heaven" web site. This photo confused me at first, until I realised that the transparency was back-to-front. Suddenly everything made sense!
|Corwen at the Eastern Pyramid, Dorothea.|
By all accounts, the horses were much loved. During one of our conversations about the quarry and the horses with John Pen-y-Bryn, he showed us their grave...it's a lovely, peaceful spot. I wish I could know more of their story. Needless to say, if anyone reading this has any more information, I would be most grateful and would love to add to the article.
After Prince and Corwen had gone, it wasn't quite the end. There were a couple of other railtours along the tramway before total closure, hauled by a red and yellow international tractor. For me, it just wouldn't have been the same.
|A fine shot looking towards the quarries from Talysarn yard. This scene is still just about recognisable today.|
Geoff Charles Collection, by kind courtesy of the National Library of Wales.
Geoff Charles Collection at the National Library of Wales including a very good biography.
Max Sinclair's photos on Narrow Gauge Heaven
The Nantlle Railway, Branch and Tramway, by Bryan L Wilson and J Atyeo: Railway Byelines Annual No.3, Irwell Press
The Narrow Gauge Railways of North Caernarvonshire, Volume 1 by J I C Boyd, Oakwood Press.
Industrial Locomotives of North Wales by V J Bradley, IRS publications 1992
The J.W. Sutherland Railway Print Collection
|One of the horse-stalls in the stable.|
|Inside Mr Pritchard's house.|